Importance of Cut

While color, clarity and carat weight are big factors in the price of a diamond, it is the Cut and Polish that breathes life, sparkle and scintillation into a diamond. The three diamonds shown below are all SI Clarity and G-H Color, but there is a significant difference in their brilliance, due to the quality of their Cut and Polish.

SI Clarity, G-H Color, Fair Cut

A deep cut usually makes the diamond appear dark.

SI Clarity, G-H Color, Fair Cut

A shallow cut usually makes the diamond appear opaque.

SI Clarity, G-H Color, Very Good Cut

A proper cut unleashes the fire and brilliance within a diamond.

Reason for a inferior cut?

Out of all the rough diamonds that are mined globally, less the 2% are gem quality that can be made into a finished diamond. Of that 2% less then 50% can be made into a superior cut diamond. On top of that an average of 60% to 70% of that gem quality rough diamond is wasted in the process of converting it into a finished diamond. At the cutting and polishing stage, the diamond cutter is required to maximise the weight of the diamond in order to maximise their profit and reduce wastage, resulting in a inferior cut. And this occurs in more than 70% of the diamonds sold in the market. It's not illegal or unethical -- it is done just to maximise profits. The consumer, however might end up with a diamond that is not nearly as beautiful and brilliant as it could be.

All the diamonds sold by Vaarya are of superior cuts. Our diamond manufacturing unit uses state of the art laser cutting machines to minimise wastage and bring out the best brilliance and cut from any given rough diamond. Less than 25% of diamond cutting and polishing factories globally uses these techniques to make polished diamonds.

This 1 carat rough can yield a .30 carat diamond with excellent cut and extraordinary brilliance, sparkle and scintillation, or...

The same 1 carat rough can yield a .40 carat diamond with fair cut that is dull and dark in comparison

Both of the finished diamonds above will be graded the same color and clarity. However, the .40 carat diamond on the right will fetch about $600 more in the retail, when it is sold to a consumer who is unaware of it's inferior cut and thinks he/she is getting a great deal as compared to other diamonds of the same weight with a superior cut.

How to get the best diamond for the money?

The best way to assure yourself of diamond quality is to get a diamond that is certified by an independent laboratory, preferably U.S. based like GIA, AGS, IGI or IGL. One should try and avoid inhouse grading and appraisal certificates which some retailers and online sites provide. These could be inaccurate as they are not governed by the strict grading standards that are followed in a reputed independent gem laboratory. All diamonds sold by Vaarya are certified by a U.S. based independent laboratory.

The GIA grading scale for diamond cuts is shown below. Notice that the better cuts toward the right reflect more light toward the viewer's eye. If all the facets are lined up correctly, there is less light leakage through the sides of the diamond, and more brilliance is released through the top of the diamond to the eye of the viewer.

GIA Scale for Grading Diamond Cut:

Poor

light leakages from bottom


Fair

minimal light releases through diamond table

Good

some light releases through diamond table

Very Good

exceptional light releases through diamond table

Excellent

nearly all of the light releases to the viewer's eye